Pepakura Fiberglass and Smoothing Tutorial

Discussion in 'Halo Pepakura Costumes' started by Sigma LS, Jul 6, 2007.

  1. Sigma LS

    Sigma LS Sr Member

    Pepakura's sharp folds leave you with a very angular product at the end of the day. To make your cardstock/paper/cardboard more durable and look closer to the textured game model, here are a few steps to toughen and smooth that armor.

    This process works best with cardstock though it will work with all types of paper.

    Once you have completed folding and glueing/tapeing your paper armor you will need these supplies.

    1. Polyurethane Resin (Fiberglass Resin)
    2. Fiberglass cloth of some kind
    3. Minimum of 2 Paintbrushes *at least one inch in diameter
    4. Something to sand with that has a med-fine grit (power sander preferred, also sanding sponges, and or sandpaper)
    5. Disposable container to mix resin in
    6. Poster board or something that you can set the piece on while you work on it and not get resin everywhere
    7. Proper safety equipment (resperator, protective eyewear etc.) this stuff is TOXIC/carcinogenic/etc.

    optionals
    8. some bondo body filler can make life easier by reinforcing some pieces
    9. resin is clear so spraying it with a primer after it has hardened will give you a better idea of how smooth it is and what areas should be concentrated on



    Make sure before you start that you are in a well ventelated area

    *If you are using any type of flimsy paper, make sure and reinforce the armor before beginning or the piece will likely end up warped. Glueing cardboard to the inside works well

    *If you have a printed texture that you wish to preserve for later modifications, score areas of interest lightly with a blade, continue to do so after every external resin coat. This resin is an organic solvent and will smear most types of ink used by pens or printers once it has been in contact with the texture for a few seconds. If you are very careful and only take one pass when applying the resin, it is possible to preserve the texture.


    Starting with helm only paper w/ visor.
    mkv001.jpg

    Step 1- Resin coat to harden paper

    Depending on the size the piece, the amount you will need will vary, but it doesn't take much. A whole bicep will only take a little over an ounce and a half.

    1. Follow the instructions on the resin container to mix the appropriate proportion of hardener/catalyst to resin in your disposable container.

    You won't have a lot of time before it starts to harden so even on large pieces never mix too much at once, just a couple of ounces is okay. You can repeat this step as many times as needed to cover the piece.

    2. Take the brush and paint a thin even coat over the paper until you have covered the entire outside of the piece (leave the inside untouched). Make sure that enough is on the armor so that it not only soaks into the paper but that there is a layer on it as well. Resin is runny and will try to collect in the niches and lowspots in the piece so take the brush and keep brushing the excess to the outside until the resin begins to become very sticky. Then stop as it is starting to harden.

    3. Just leave it to dry. Give it several hours to really cure before going on to Step 2.

    Helm w/ first resin coat (now you know what I mean about flimsy paper warping even though this was still reinforced, I strongly suggest cardstock or cardboard instead)

    mkv002.jpg

    Step 2- Fiberglassing the inside

    1. Cut pieces of fiberglass cloth that will fit the inside of the piece and cover it completely. Don't worry about a little excess sticking out of the side. That can always be removed later. You want to cover the inside completely and make sure that the cloth is flush with the paper. If you are having trouble with this, a little bit of glue can temporarily hold it in place.

    2. Mix the resin again in the same fashion as step one. This time you will need a little more (about 2 ounces for a bicep). Paint a heavy coat of resin onto the fiberglass cloth making sure that the cloth is soaked. Don't worry about evenness or smoothness, just make sure everything is covered and flush.

    3. Let cure for a good amount of time, at least several hours.

    Step 3- The first sanding


    1. The first thing you want is to determine which parts to keep the most angular and which ones should be smoothest (using reference pics is helpful). If any of the angles are particularly sharp and smoothing them will cut through the armor, smooth them only as much as possible. (reinforcing those areas with more resin or bondo will alleviate this problem)

    * To properly smooth Pepakura Armor, you will be sanding through the original paper armor on the corners. This is why the armor MUST be fiberglassed first.

    *If you have some primer, spraying it on will give you a better idea of the true roughness of the piece

    ***Right bicep pics after priming and reinforcement before first sanding
    bicepprimed001.jpg



    2. Use your sanding material to smooth your problem areas. The key in the technique is to use a curving motion when you sand, otherwise you will simply bevel/flatten the edge and have two slightly smaller angle edges.


    3. Smooth everything as best you can, then wipe the dust off and continue to Step 4

    Your pointy edges should now look like this. Notice that the paper is gone and only fiberglass remains.
    ODST.jpg


    First sanding Helm
    mkv022.jpg

    Step 4- Coat the Outside with resin again

    Repeat the same process as used in Step 1 then continue to Step 5

    Step 5- The Final Sanding

    1. The second coat of resin has itself smoothed out a number of the smaller angles that were left. Use your sandpaper again to go over it one more time and perfect your work.

    *Steps 4 and 5 can be repeated as many times as possible, though I think that for most they should be okay. If you put tape of the outside, one repeat should fix it

    Step 6- Cleaning and Paint Prep

    1. Use a finer grit for a final fine smoothing and primer your piece. It's ready to go.

    Smoothed edges Helm (still needs a little trimming for symmetry)
    Vhelm001.jpg


    I hope that this helps anybody interested in working on fiberglassed pepakura armor.

    Edited : w/ pic goodness
     
  2. Damien

    Damien Well-Known Member

    nice tut.you fiberglassed the inside? that would be very hard on the MC helm
     
  3. TheBlue

    TheBlue Well-Known Member

    very nice tut. :mrgreen: sticky anyone?

    A question. Im gonna follow this guide and start glassing after i finish folding, but im using paper so what should i use to reinforce it b4 fiberglassing it?
     
  4. Chuck 126

    Chuck 126 Jr Member

    Do you have pictures to accompany this? I'd like to see how it turned out.

    Edit: Oops, I just noticed you said that pictures are forthcoming. Sorry.
     
  5. Spartan118

    Spartan118 Well-Known Member

    Very nice tutorial...I am gonna fiberglass mine as soon as my armor is finished but had no idea how to go about it...Thanks again. :hyper:
     
  6. Sean Bradley

    Sean Bradley

    AMEN! :clap:

    Fantastic tutorial Sigma! You get nothing buut applause on this!

    Be sure to post a link to this in the TUTORIAL LINKS thread, and I'll sticky it here.

    Great job!
     
  7. TheBlue

    TheBlue Well-Known Member

    yay :hyper: actually im gonna mache my helmet. but this is a great tut.

    GJ! :mrgreen:

    O and Sigma your avatar is awsome. (insert halo theme on guitar)
     
  8. Rsugar

    Rsugar Jr Member

    Yay! I was waiting for this tutorial. Thanks, man.
     
  9. Sigma LS

    Sigma LS Sr Member

    Sticky Woot! :mrgreen: Updated with pics!

    Glad this will help out a little, and thanks for the compliments!

    Blue- Cardboard is an excellent reinforcer for regular paper.

    Oh and I like my avatar too. :dee:
     
  10. TheBlue

    TheBlue Well-Known Member

    thanks for the advise w/ the cardboard!
    im about to change my avatar to match my name

    :btw: oh yea hey where did you make/get your avatar?
     
  11. Sigma LS

    Sigma LS Sr Member

  12. TheBlue

    TheBlue Well-Known Member

    (in a Borat voice) Very Nice!!
     
  13. malcomtidus

    malcomtidus Jr Member

    Very well done tut mate. It should help out novices and pros alike.
     
  14. Leadingspartan

    Leadingspartan Well-Known Member

    wait i dont get it whats med fine grit and you said sand down certain corners only but it might rip through so do i just add 1 more coat of fiberglass to harden so it wont rip?
     
  15. Sigma LS

    Sigma LS Sr Member

    It means between medium and fine grit sand as defined by the Wentworth grade scale. Medium grit is considered a smoothing grit and fine grit is considered a secondary smoother and paint preparer

    I can't really think of any angles I've run across that require more than one sheet of fiberglass cloth or mat backing, but hey, the more you use the tougher it'll be.

    Also remember fiberglass is the actual cloth or fiber material. Resin is what you mix and paint on.

    You will be cutting through the paper, but as long as there is fiberglass beneath, the piece will hold together just fine
     
  16. QuPloid

    QuPloid New Member

    I think this might be useful for thoughs who know nothing about what fiberglass even is.

    http://www.fiberlay.com/howto/

    BTW, i like the Gundam in the background of one of the pictures.
     
  17. NamaLama

    NamaLama New Member

    I was wondering, instead of using cardboard or stuff like that, what if i used triple layered paper, and then apply resin on it?
     
  18. Damien

    Damien Well-Known Member

    i would prime it so it doesnt soak in, might warp
     
  19. NamaLama

    NamaLama New Member

    so triple layer paper, then primer?
     
  20. Chuck 126

    Chuck 126 Jr Member

    Okay, I have a question and hopefully it's not too stupid. Is fiberglass cloth
    on it's own safe to handle without gloves (for example during the precutting stage)? Obviously I won't have to worry about fumes or dust until resin and sanding are involved but will the cloth (or mat for that matter) by itself leave slivers or irritate bare skin in any way? I figure I'd risk asking a stupid question before finding out the hard way.

    Thanks!
     
  21. Spartan 110

    Spartan 110 Well-Known Member

    your right dude, better safe than sorry

    i dont know the answer to that
     
  22. ShadowSniper

    ShadowSniper Member

    Yes, the matte can leave slivers that make you itch, the cloth too I believe, although it is a much larger problem with the matte. If your just cutting it and not using any resin, I think your safe without gloves as it's going to get on your clothes and skin anyway. You still need the respirator though because it gets in the air quick.
     
  23. FinAeros

    FinAeros Well-Known Member

    Use a respirator and latex gloves at least.
     
  24. Chuck 126

    Chuck 126 Jr Member

    Thanks so much guys. I was going to play it safe and wear gloves in case nobody knew the answer, but I didn't think about loose strands in the air. There was no warning on the package and nobody talks about precautions that should be taken with the cloth itself, so I didn't know what to think. Now I do, and I'm glad I asked.

    Thanks again!
     
  25. FinAeros

    FinAeros Well-Known Member

    You should also make sure to wear eye protection.
     

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